AON3D ABS Prime

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is an amorphous thermoplastic polymer commonly used for rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing. AON3D ABS Prime filament is impact-resistant, relatively rigid, and lightweight.

ABS Prime excels in form, fit, and function prototyping such as jigs and fixtures due to its strength, low cost, and ease of printability. ABS Prime is best for medium-large parts without too many fine details.

ABS Prime is a flexible material, suited to printing with a full range of nozzle sizes to meet a wide variety of mechanical property, surface finish, and productivity requirements.

Printing Difficulty: Easy/Beginner

ABS Prime can be purchased from AON3D directly by contacting help@aon3d.com.

Usage Notes

Moisture Control

ABS Prime is mildly susceptible to hydration. It will generally remain printable, but surface finish and seam quality will suffer after prolonged exposure.

Dry filament at 70ºC for 4-6 hours in a convection oven. Please ensure drying equipment respects our site requirements to ensure adequate drying performance is achieved.

Store filament in air tight bags or containers alongside silica or zeolite desiccant. Be sure to replace dessicant regularly as it’s moisture capture ability is exhausted.

Our drybox setup prevents filament moisture uptake minimizing the impact of moisture on the printing process.

For more information, see the Filament Drying and Moisture Control page.

Build Platform Adhesion

For instructions on how to inspect the AON3D build plates, refer to the Inspect and Clean Build Plates procedure.

PC Film Sheet

ABS Prime prints well on PC film build sheet as it exhibits greate adhesion behaviour at moderate cost.

The PC film is sensitive to Z calibration and thermal stability of the printer system. For best results, ensure that the machine has reached thermal equilibrium before calibrating. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer is too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Caution: First layer extrusion temperatures in excess of 250 C or elevated bed temperature selections can cause parts to permenantly weld to the print surface.

PEI Build Sheet

ABS Prime prints well on PEI film build sheet as it exhibits greate adhesion behaviour at moderate cost and improved durability over PC sheets.

The PEI film is sensitive to Z calibration and thermal stability of the printer system. For best results, ensure that the machine has reached thermal equilibrium before calibrating. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer is too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Caution: First layer extrusion temperatures in excess of 250 C or elevated bed temperature selections can cause parts to permenantly weld to the print surface.

CF-PEEK Composite Plate

ABS Prime can also be printed on the CF-PEEK composite plate although more care is needed to ensure good first layer adhesion. To improve adhesion of ABS Prime on the CF-PEEK composite plate, reduce the First Layer Speed, increase the first layer extrusion temperature, or increase bed temperature.

For more information, see the Build Platform Adhesion guide.

PC Film Sheet

ABS Prime prints well on PC film build sheet as it exhibits greate adhesion behaviour at moderate cost.

The PC film is sensitive to Z calibration and thermal stability of the printer system. For best results, ensure that the machine has reached thermal equilibrium before calibrating. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer is too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Caution: First layer extrusion temperatures in excess of 250 C or elevated bed temperature selections can cause parts to permenantly weld to the print surface.

PEI Build Sheet

ABS Prime prints well on PEI film build sheet as it exhibits greate adhesion behaviour at moderate cost and improved durability over PC sheets.

The PEI film is sensitive to Z calibration and thermal stability of the printer system. For best results, ensure that the machine has reached thermal equilibrium before calibrating. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer is too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Caution: First layer extrusion temperatures in excess of 250 C or elevated bed temperature selections can cause parts to permenantly weld to the print surface.

CF-PEEK Composite Plate

ABS Prime can also be printed on the CF-PEEK composite plate although more care is needed to ensure good first layer adhesion. To improve adhesion of ABS Prime on the CF-PEEK composite plate, reduce the First Layer Speed, increase the first layer extrusion temperature, or increase bed temperature.

For more information, see the Build Platform Adhesion guide.

Build Platform Selection

ABS Prime prints best on Kapton® tape with the use of Nano Polymer Adhesive, an applied adhesion aid. ABS Prime can also be printed on the High-Temperature Build Plate, although the bed temperature must be increased to 105-110ºC.

For more information, see the Build Platform Adhesion guide.

Build Platform Selection

ABS Prime prints best on Kapton® tape with the use of Nano Polymer Adhesive, an applied adhesion aid. ABS Prime can also be printed on the High-Temperature Build Plate, although the bed temperature must be increased to 105-110ºC.

For more information, see the Build Platform Adhesion guide.

General Process Settings

For best results, process settings should be adjusted based on a particular model geometry. If you require process development support, our Applications Engineering team can help! Send us a message at help@aon3d.com to consult with one of our Additive Manufacturing Specialists.

Setting AON M2+ (CE)
Extrusion Temperature 220-260ºC
Bed Temperature 90-95ºC
Chamber Temperature 50-80ºC
Print Speed 40-100 mm/s
Nozzle Size 0.25-1.20 mm
Build Platform PC film, PEI film, CF-PEEK composite plate

The PC film film is sensitive to Z-axis calibration and first layer temperature settings. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Setting AON M2+
Extrusion Temperature 220-260ºC
Bed Temperature 90-95ºC
Chamber Temperature 50-80ºC
Print Speed 40-100 mm/s
Nozzle Size 0.25-1.20 mm
Build Platform PC film, PEI film, CF-PEEK composite plate

The PC film film is sensitive to Z-axis calibration and first layer temperature settings. If the bed-to-nozzle distance is too small, or the first layer too hot, the part may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or build sheet.

Setting AON-M2 2020
Extrusion Temperature 220-260ºC
Bed Temperature 95ºC
Chamber Temperature 50-80ºC
Print Speed 40-100 mm/s
Nozzle Size 0.25-1.20 mm
Build Platform Kapton® tape with Nano Polymer Adhesive, High-Temperature Build Plate

When using the High-Temperature Build Plate, use a bed temperature of 105-110ºC.

Setting AON-M2
Extrusion Temperature 220-260ºC
Bed Temperature 95ºC
Chamber Temperature 50-80ºC
Print Speed 40-100 mm/s
Nozzle Size 0.25-1.20 mm
Build Platform Kapton® tape with Nano Polymer Adhesive, High-Temperature Build Plate

When using the High-Temperature Build Plate, use a bed temperature of 105-110ºC.

Sample Slicer Profiles

Sample profiles for PEI and PC film print surfaces. CF-PEEK plate may also be used, however modification of first layer settings may be required to achieve desired adhesion behavior.

Single Extruder, 0.40mm nozzle

Single Extruder, 0.60mm nozzle

Sample profiles for PEI and PC film print surfaces. CF-PEEK plate may also be used, however modification of first layer settings may be required to achieve desired adhesion behavior.

Single Extruder, 0.40mm nozzle

Single Extruder, 0.60mm nozzle

Sample profiles for Kapton® print surfaces. High-Temperature print surface may also be used, however modification of first layer settings may be required to achieve desired adhesion behaviour.

Single Extruder, 0.40mm nozzle

Single Extruder, 0.60mm nozzle

Sample profiles for Kapton® print surfaces. High-Temperature print surface may also be used, however modification of first layer settings may be required to achieve desired adhesion behaviour.

Single Extruder, 0.40mm nozzle

Single Extruder, 0.60mm nozzle

Dual Extrusion and Support

AON3D HIPS is a compatible breakaway support material for ABS Prime. Dual tool printing with ABS Prime and HIPS requires fine-tuning for optimal printing. For more information about printing with this support material, see the AON3D HIPS guide.

Exposure to extrusion temperature for extended periods while idling may cause ABS Prime to degrade in the nozzle. If your model has a large layer size (200x200 mm or more), reduce the temperature of the model material tool to 220 ºC while it is idle to avoid clogging the nozzle. Adding a wipe in the Tool Change Script will clean the toolhead while it oozes and purges between each layer change.

For more information, see the Using Supports and Support Materials and Dual Extrusion page.

Post-Processing

Allow all machine components to reach room temperature before proceeding further. Failure to allow components to cool down will result in thermal injury (burns) to personnel.

PC Film Sheet

ABS Prime parts can be peeled off the PC film sheet by hand at room temperature. Extrusions too close to the PC film sheet may require a spatula to remove. Avoid removing prints while the PC film sheet is still hot. If not cooled, permanent deformation of the PC film sheet may occur when removing a large part with a lot of contact area.

CF-PEEK Composite Plate

ABS Prime parts separate easily from the CF-PEEK composite plate by hand at room temperature. If needed, a spatula can facilitate part removal.


Shrinkage, deformation, and warpage due to thermal shock may occur from removing the part before letting the machine cool. Instructions for removing the part from the build platform and additional support material can be found on the Build Platform Adhesion and Using Supports and Support Materials guides.

PC Film Sheet

ABS Prime parts can be peeled off the PC film sheet by hand at room temperature. Extrusions too close to the PC film sheet may require a spatula to remove. Avoid removing prints while the PC film sheet is still hot. If not cooled, permanent deformation of the PC film sheet may occur when removing a large part with a lot of contact area.

CF-PEEK Composite Plate

ABS Prime parts separate easily from the CF-PEEK composite plate by hand at room temperature. If needed, a spatula can facilitate part removal.


Shrinkage, deformation, and warpage due to thermal shock may occur from removing the part before letting the machine cool. Instructions for removing the part from the build platform and additional support material can be found on the Build Platform Adhesion and Using Supports and Support Materials guides.

Kapton® Tape With Nano Polymer Adhesive

ABS Prime parts may separate easily from the Kapton® tape given a sudden impact with a spatula. Larger parts may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or the Kapton® tape.

The Kapton® tape may separate from the build platform while remaining adhered to the bottom of the part. If so, the separation may be due to extreme part warping and/or the Kapton® tape was not applied properly to the build platform.

High-Temperature Build Plate

ABS Prime parts may separate easily from the High-Temperature Build Plate given a sudden impact with a spatula. If the build platform has been cooled, larger parts should not be difficult to remove.


Shrinkage, deformation, and warpage due to thermal shock may occur from removing the part before letting the machine cool. Instructions for removing the part from the build platform and additional support material can be found on the Build Platform Adhesion and Using Supports and Support Materials guides.

Kapton® Tape With Nano Polymer Adhesive

ABS Prime parts may separate easily from the Kapton® tape given a sudden impact with a spatula. Larger parts may be difficult to remove without damaging the part and/or the Kapton® tape.

The Kapton® tape may separate from the build platform while remaining adhered to the bottom of the part. If so, the separation may be due to extreme part warping and/or the Kapton® tape was not applied properly to the build platform.

High-Temperature Build Plate

ABS Prime parts may separate easily from the High-Temperature Build Plate given a sudden impact with a spatula. If the build platform has been cooled, larger parts should not be difficult to remove.


Shrinkage, deformation, and warpage due to thermal shock may occur from removing the part before letting the machine cool. Instructions for removing the part from the build platform and additional support material can be found on the Build Platform Adhesion and Using Supports and Support Materials guides.


Technical Specifications

Material Safety Data Sheet

Technical Data Sheet

For more information on material safety and specific material properties, contact help@aon3d.com.

Physical Properties

Property Value Test Method
Filament Diameter 1.75 mm, +/- 0.03 mm -
Density 1.05 g/cm³ ASTM D792
Melt Density @ 220ºC, 10kg 22 g/10 min ASTM D1238
Glass Transition Temperature, Tg 95ºC DSC
Heat Distortion Temperature @ 0.45MPa 85ºC ASTM D648

*All data as reported by AON3D Technical Data Sheet dated 20/3/2020. Print conditions listed on the Technical Data Sheet.


Troubleshooting & Best Practice

High Speed Printing

ABS is well suited for high productivity applciations. With appropriate nozzle size and layer height selection, ABS prime can be printed at tools speeds of up to 100 mm/s

Key best practices to consider when selecting higher print speeds:

  • Print speed above 100 mm/s induce significant stress in the deposited material, leading to increased risk of warping and shrinkage under high temperature service.
  • Sharp corners, small holes, and other surface details begin to lose dimensional accuracy and resolution beyond 60-80 mm/s.
  • Increased layer height is an effective alternative to high tool speeds to minimize print times while reducing over heating, residual stress, and underextrusion issues.
  • Increased extrusion width or larger nozzle size selection are also effective measn to reduce print time.
  • At high deposition rates (elevated tool speed, layer height, or nozzle size), an increased extrusion temperature is also required to ensure consistent flow and adhesion of extruded material

Overheating

ABS Prime is prone to over heating due to it’s low thermal conductivity and elevated ambient temperature of the printing chamber. Overheating typically presents as deformed part features, curling edges, loss of dimensional accuracy, and increasingly glossy part surface finish.

Risk of overheating increases as:

  • part sizes fall below 30 mm x 30 mm cross sectional areas.
  • print speeds increase beyond 60-80 mm/s
  • chamber temperatures greater than 50ºC
  • chamber convection turned off

Note, nozzle size and part geometry will impact these rules of thumb.

Overheating

Moderate reduction of chamber temperatures down to 50ºC can also have a positive impacts on overheating. However, for large components (greater than 50 mm x 50 mm x 50 mm), warping effects may demand an elevated chamber temperature (>50ºC) selection.

For medium size cross sections (down to 10 mm x 10 mm), reduction of print speed (down to 40 mm/s) and extrusion temperature (down to 220ºC) can have a mitigating effects on overheating. For cross sections below 10 mm x 10 mm, tool contact with the print surface will dominate heating behaviour. Introducing layer to layer dwell commands, or adding duplicate parts in the build, is the best way to manage heat accumulation in this case.

Polymer Degradation

ABS is sensitive to UV light, causing mechanical property deterioration if sufficiently exposed. UV degradation of ABS Prime is difficult to observe on raw filament but, can often be seen once the material has been processed at extrusion temperatures. For example, white/natural ABS Prime that has been exposed to the sun for extended periods only shows UV degradation after printing, with yellow extrusions as shown below. Avoid exposing the material to the sun by storing it in a sealed package or container with silica desiccant.

Polymer-Degradation

Last modified: September 9, 2022